How to save income tax in FY 2015-16 & Assessment Year 2016-17 as per Budget 2015

To start with, let the  explain what
exactly has changed in terms of taxation from the year (i.e.AY 2016-17) As per
Budget 2015:
  1. Tax slabs have not changed
  2. investment limit under sec.
    80C also same as previous FY 2013-14 up  to Rs. 1,50,000

All changes this budget have been beneficial for the tax payer. If you are
already aware of all the provision for saving income tax, you can skip the
remaining part and go directly to the income taxcalculator for FY 2015-16 to compute your income tax liability (or TDS) basis your
salary or business income. Others, do read on to know all the different tactics
you can use to save on income tax.

Income Tax Slabs

Income tax slabs have been changed this year. Standard deduction limit has
been raised to Rs. 2,50,000 for both Male and Female assesses.

1) In Case of General Assesses (Both Male & Female):

Income Bracket
  0 to Rs. 2,50,000
  0   %
  Rs. 2,50,001 to Rs. 5,00,000
  10 %
  Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000
  20 %
  Above Rs. 10,00,000
  30 %

2) In Case of Senior Citizens (Age above 60 years but below 80

Income Bracket
 0 to Rs. 3,00,000
  0   %
 Rs. 3,00,001 to Rs. 5,00,000
  10 %
 Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000
  20 %
 Above Rs. 10,00,000
  30 %

3) In Case of Very Senior Citizens (Age 80 years and above):

Income Bracket
  0 to Rs. 5,00,000
  0   %
  Rs. 5,00,001 to Rs. 10,00,000
  20 %
  Above Rs. 10,00,000
  30 %

* On final tax amount, a surcharge of 3 %
**No surcharge above 10 lacs.

Income Tax Exemptions: 

1) Section 80 C Limit  – Unchanged this year (to Rs. 1,50,000)

  • Deduction on premium paid
    for a life insurance policy, taken after 1 April 2012, will be allowed
    only if yearly premium is less than 10% of sum assured.  If its more
    than 10% then it will be not eligible for deduction u/sec. 80C
  • ELSS (Mutual Fund)
  • PPF (upto Rs. 1,50,000)
  • EPF
  • FD for 5 years
  • Pension Plans
  • NSC
  • Sukanya Samriddhi Account (
    Minor Girl Child Scheme) Max Rs. 1.5 Lakh
  • Post Office SB
  • Infrastructure Bonds
  • Expenditure on Children
    Education (For upto 2 children only for full time education)
  • Tuition fees Maximum allowed
    is Rs. 1,50,000
  • Housing loan principal
  • Deferred Annuity
  • Approved Super Annotation
  • 80CC Raised Up to Rs.
    1,50,000 [ Pension Fund ]

2) Section 80CCD – Unchanged this year

Deduction under this section can be claimed only if the contribution to your
NPS account is made by your employer and the
deduction is limited to a maximum of 10% of your basic salary. Returns on
NPS are tax free, but withdrawal is still taxable. The deduction under sec
80CCD is over and above the deduction available under sec 80C.

3) Section 80 D –Changed this year

Deduction under section 80D

  • Deduction of Rs. 25000/- is
    allowed if the same is paid as premium for Medical Insurance taken for
    self / dependents or towards preventive health check-up (max Rs. 5000). In
    case any of self / dependents is a senior citizen, the deduction allowed
    is Rs. 30000/-

4) Section 80DD – Unchanged this year

Deduction under section 80DD

  • Exemption given for
    expenditure made for a disabled dependant towards Medical
    Treatment/Training/Rehabilitation. It also includes the LIC/Insurance
    premium paid towards maintenance of such dependant.
  • Maximum deduction allowed
    is Rs. 50,000/- in case of normal disability
    and Rs. 1 Lakh in case of severe disability.

5) Section 80DDB – Unchanged this year

Deduction under section 80DDB

  • Exemption given for
    expenditure incurred on specified disease or ailments such as cancer/aids.
  • Maximum deduction allowed
    is Rs. 40,000/-. In case of Senior Citizens, maximum
    deduction allowed is Rs. 60,000/-

List of ailments covered:
(i) Neurological Diseases where the disability level has been
certified to be of 40% and above,

  1. Dementia ;
  2. Dystonia Musculorum
    Deformans ;
  3. Motor Neuron Disease ;
  4. Ataxia ;
  5. Chorea ;
  6. Hemiballismus ;
  7. Aphasia ;
  8. Parkinsons Disease ;
(ii) Malignant Cancers ;
(iii) Full Blown Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome
(AIDS) ;
(iv) Chronic Renal failure ;
(v) Hematological disorders :
  1. Hemophilia ;
  2. Thalassaemia.

6) Section 80E – Unchanged this year

Deduction under section 80E
Deduction is allowed for repayment of interest component
of Higher Education loan. All education after Class 12 is allowed, either
vocational or Fulltime. But should be from a school/institute/university
recognized by the government.

7) Section 80G – Unchanged this year

  • Contribution to exempt
    charities – 25/50/75/100% depending on the charity and as per approval
  • 100% exemption on
    donation to political parties

8) Section 80U – Changed this year

  • Deduction upto Rs.
     is allowed in case of Permanent Disability.
  • In case of Permanent
    Disability exceeding 80%, maximum deduction allowed is Rs.

9) Section 24B & Section 80EE  – Unchanged this

  • Housing loan interest.
    Maximum allowed limit raised to – Rs. 2,00,000 (for loans
    taken after 1 April 1999. For loans before that Maximum Investment Limit
    was 30,000).
  • Additional deduction of Rs.
    1 lac will be applicable to persons taking first home loan of up to Rs. 25 lacs for property worth
    upto Rs. 40 lac.
    For such persons, the total deduction will be Rs. 2.5 lacs (Rs. 1.5 lac
    available under section 24(1)(vi) and Rs. 1 lac available under this new
    section 80EE).
    10) Superannuation Unchanged this year

Any contribution made by a company to superannuation fund upto Rs. 1,00,000
tax free in the hands of the employee.

11) Conveyance/Transport
Allowance – Changed this year

Any Conveyance / Transport Allowance given to an employee is tax free upto
Rs. 1600 /- P.M.

12) Medical Allowance – Unchanged this year

Any Medical Allowance given to an employee is tax free upto Rs. 15,000 /-
(Supporting Bills required).

13) HRA – Unchanged this year

Any House Rent Allowance given to an employee is tax free upto the minimum
value of the following conditions (subject to – when an employee can produce
rent paid receipts from landlord for the period and if the employee has not
availed of tax exemptions for home loan interest / principal repayment):

  1. 50% of Annual Basic (40% of
    Annual Basic in case of non-metros)
  2. Actual HRA received
  3. Rent Paid – (10% of Annual
    Calculate HRA Exemption U/s 10(13A) with
    Excel utility

14) Professional Tax – Unchanged this year

Any Professional Tax deducted from an employee’s salary can be reduced from
the annual salary income to arrive at taxable salary.

15) Provident Fund – Unchanged this year

Provident Fund contributions (under section 80 C and subject to an overall
investment limit of Rs. 1,50,000 ) deducted from an employee’s salary are tax

16)80CCG – Direct Equity
Investment – Unchanged this year

Under ‘Rajiv Gandhi Equity Savings Scheme‘ – a new equity
 will be able to claim 50% of his investment in direct
equity as deduction subject to maximum investment of Rs. 50,000 and provided
his taxable income is below Rs. 10 lacs. The investment will be subject to 3
years lock-in.  

Government has notified this scheme (RGESS). Mutual funds and ETFs that
invest in BSE100 or CNX 100 stocks or PSUs which are Navratna, Maharatna and
Miniratna will qualify under this scheme. These investments can be traded over
stock exchange after 1 year of investment. New
equity investor
 has been defined as someone who has opened a
Demat account but has not bought any securities till date of notification of
this scheme (22 Sep 2012).

17) Section 80TTA – Savings Bank
Interest – Unchanged this year

No tax will be charged on interest earned on balance in savings bank account
subject to a maximum of Rs. 10,000 per year.

18) Section 87 A [Tax Rebate
Rs.2,000/-  – Unchanged this year

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